title : 문헌 34 모유중위 Silic acid함량
name : 관리자date : 2010-09-01 00:00:00hits : 996


N-acetylneuraminic acid concentrations in human milk oligosaccharides and glycoproteins during lactation

SE Carlson

Human milk contains a variety of N-acetylneuraminic acid (NANA)- containing oligosaccharides, but the expected range of intake of sialic acid in this form by infants fed human milk is unknown. Two quite different amounts have been reported: 120 mg/liter in pooled, mature human milk (1) and 1400 mg/liter in the milk of a single woman on the 1st day of lactation (2). The normal range of NANA intake in human milk glycoproteins likewise does not appear to have been analyzed previously. Data presented here indicate that both human milk oligosaccharide and glycoprotein NANA decline exponentially over the first 2 months of lactation, decreasing little thereafter. During the first 2 months of lactation, milk from women delivering at term cannot be distinguished from that of women delivering significantly before term (less than 32 wks gestation) with regard to oligosaccharide and glycoprotein NANA. The parallel decrease of sialic acid in these fractions suggests a relationship between sialydation of human milk oligosaccharides and glycoproteins. Human milk NANA concentrations are discussed with regard to reports that exogenous administration of NANA can increase cerebral and cerebellar concentrations of NANA in glycoproteins and gangliosides, and produce long term changes in behavior in rats.

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